How To Convert SGPA To CGPA: A Comprehensive Guide

How To Convert SGPA To CGPA?

In the realm of academic grading, the journey from SGPA to CGPA holds immense significance. This process not only reflects students’ performance but also highlights their overall growth and accomplishments. If you’re curious about how SGPA transitions into CGPA, this article will provide you with comprehensive insights. Explore the convenience of our SGPA to CGPA Conversion Calculator for accurate grade evaluation.

What is SGPA and CGPA?

Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) are fundamental components of academic assessment systems. SGPA measures a student’s performance in a specific semester, while CGPA represents their overall performance across all semesters. Both are vital indicators of a student’s academic prowess.

Calculating SGPA

SGPA is computed by summing up the product of the credit points of each subject with the respective grades obtained, and then dividing by the total credits in the semester. It’s a snapshot of your performance in a single semester and provides an understanding of your academic progress in that period.

Transitioning from SGPA to CGPA

Converting SGPA to CGPA involves considering the weighted average of the SGPA of all previous semesters. In this process, every semester’s SGPA is multiplied by the total credits of that semester to get the weighted credit points. These weighted credit points are then summed up across all semesters and divided by the total credits completed to arrive at the CGPA.

The Positive Impact

The transition from SGPA to CGPA is a positive journey. It showcases how students evolve academically and personally over time. This process encourages continuous improvement and highlights consistency in performance.

Understanding the Process

To convert SGPA to CGPA effectively, consider these steps:

  1. Collect Your SGPA Data: Gather your SGPA scores for all completed semesters.
  2. Calculate Weighted Credit Points: Multiply each semester’s SGPA with the respective semester’s total credits to get the weighted credit points.
  3. Sum Up Weighted Credit Points: Sum up the weighted credit points for all semesters.
  4. Calculate Total Credits: Add up the total credits completed so far.
  5. Compute CGPA: Divide the sum of weighted credit points by the total credits completed. This will give you your CGPA.

Benefits of Understanding the Conversion

  • Personal Growth: The journey from SGPA to CGPA reflects your growth throughout your academic tenure.
  • Motivation: Seeing your CGPA rise over time can motivate you to consistently improve your academic performance.
  • Career Opportunities: Many educational institutions and employers consider CGPA as a measure of your academic excellence.

Formula On How To Convert SGPA To CGPA

The Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is a measure of a student’s overall academic performance over a specific period, typically an academic career or a certain number of semesters. It’s calculated by taking into account the Grade Point Averages (GPAs) of individual semesters or courses. The formula to calculate CGPA from SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average) is as follows:

CGPA = (Σ (SGPA * Credits)) / Σ Credits


  • Σ represents the sum over all semesters.
  • SGPA is the Semester Grade Point Average of a particular semester.
  • Credits refer to the credits/hours assigned to the courses in that semester.

To calculate CGPA using this formula, follow these steps:

  1. For each semester, calculate the SGPA using the standard GPA formula: SGPA = (Σ (Grade Points * Course Credits)) / Σ Credits.
  2. Multiply each semester’s SGPA by the corresponding total credits for that semester.
  3. Sum up the results of step 2 over all semesters.
  4. Sum up the total credits over all semesters.
  5. Divide the result from step 3 by the result from step 4.

Here’s a breakdown of the formula with an example:

Let’s say you have completed three semesters with the following details:

  • Semester 1:
    • SGPA: 8.0
    • Total Credits: 15
  • Semester 2:
    • SGPA: 8.5
    • Total Credits: 18
  • Semester 3:
    • SGPA: 9.0
    • Total Credits: 14

Using the formula:

CGPA = (Σ (SGPA * Credits)) / Σ Credits

CGPA = ((8.0 * 15) + (8.5 * 18) + (9.0 * 14)) / (15 + 18 + 14)

CGPA = (120 + 153 + 126) / 47

CGPA = 399 / 47 ≈ 8.49

So, the CGPA would be approximately 8.49 based on the given semesters and their respective SGPA and credit hours.

Remember that this formula calculates the cumulative average of your GPAs from different semesters, and the weightage is determined by the credits of each course. Different institutions might have slight variations in their calculation methods, so it’s important to check with your specific institution for any additional considerations or adjustments they may use in their CGPA calculation.

Conversion Table For How To Convert SGPA To CGPA

Letter Grade Grade Points (on a 4.0 scale)
A 4.0
A- 3.7
B+ 3.3
B 3.0
B- 2.7
C+ 2.3
C 2.0
C- 1.7
D+ 1.3
D 1.0
F 0.0 (Fail)

Please note that these values are based on the common 4.0 grade point scale used in many educational institutions. Some institutions might use a different scale, such as a 5.0 scale or other variations. Always refer to your institution’s official guidelines for accurate information on grading scales and grade point calculations.


Q1: Can I improve my CGPA?

Absolutely! By performing well in subsequent semesters, you can enhance your CGPA.

Q2: Is CGPA a reliable indicator of academic performance?

Yes, CGPA provides an overall view of your academic achievements.

Q3: Does the conversion process vary across institutions?

While the basic concept remains the same, the exact conversion formula may vary slightly among institutions.


The journey from SGPA to CGPA is a testament to your hard work, dedication, and growth. It showcases not only your academic prowess but also your commitment to continuous improvement. Understanding the process empowers you to take control of your academic journey and strive for excellence. Embrace this transformation and let your CGPA reflect the incredible journey you’re on.


  • Nauman

    I'm Nauman, an experienced educator in Academic Guidance. Empowering success through my CGPA to Percentage Calculator and valuable resources. Join me on this educational journey towards excellence. Let's connect for your path to triumph!

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top